MDGs Briefing: Halving Hunger Through Investment in Small Farmers

MDGs Briefing: Halving Hunger Through Investment in Small Farmers

Briefing for ActionAid (March 2010)

For the first time in history, more than one billion people – one-sixth of humanity – are hungry. The world is moving further away from meeting the Millennium Development Goal target to halve hunger by 2015. Governments and donors are not spending enough on services that really matter to poor farmers such as low-cost credit and public agricultural extension services. This briefing outlines how they must reinvest in smallholder farmers.

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Doublethink: The Two Faces of Norway’s Development Policy

Doublethink: The Two Faces of Norway’s Development Policy

Report for Forum for Environment and Development, Oslo (January 2010)

This report asks: how ethical is Norway’s foreign and development policy? It shows that the government has taken an important ethical lead on some international policy issues but that, overall, Norway has lost its ethical niche. Contains analysis of the Pension Fund, oil industry, arms exports, Norwegian corporations and policy towards the World Bank.

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A World of Discrimination: Minorities, Indigenous Peoples and Education

A World of Discrimination: Minorities, Indigenous Peoples and Education

Chapter in State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2009 (June 2009)

This analysis shows that in all regions of the world minority and indigenous children are being deprived of a quality education. Of the 101 million children out of school and the 776 million adults who cannot read and write, the majority are from ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities. The chapter outlines what governments need to do to ensure that the right to education is realised.

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Assessing Progress Towards the African Union’s 10 Per Cent Budget Target for Agriculture

Assessing Progress Towards the African Union’s 10 Per Cent Budget Target for Agriculture

Report for ActionAid (June 2009)

This report assesses government progress towards achieving the targets set by the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP). It finds that the overwhelming majority of African governments are failing to meet their commitments to spend 10 per cent of national budgets on agriculture and to double spending on research and development. Donors are also failing to meet their aid commitments to African agriculture.

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Sierra Leone at the Crossroads: Seizing the Chance to Benefit from Mining

Sierra Leone at the Crossroads: Seizing the Chance to Benefit from Mining

Report for National Advocacy Coalition on Extractives, Sierra Leone (March 2009)

This report shows how the people of Sierra Leone could benefit more from the country’s mineral resources, which account for 90 per cent of exports but only $9-10 million in government revenues. It shows how mining tax laws have given away too much to companies while government policies to regulate the mining sector are poor or non-existent. Includes case studies of the two largest foreign investors, Sierra Rutile and Koidu Holdings.

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Mining and Tax in South Africa: Costs and Benefits

Mining and Tax in South Africa: Costs and Benefits

Report for African NGOs (February 2009)

This report shows that while mining contributes significantly to the South African economy, the generous tax treatment given to companies means that it does not benefit as much as it could. The costs of mining are borne by poor communities in rural areas. A new royalty system introduced by the government will see the government lose up to $499 million a year compared to previous proposals.

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The Global Food Crisis and Fairtrade: Small Farmers, Big Solutions?

The Global Food Crisis and Fairtrade: Small Farmers, Big Solutions?

Report for the Fairtrade Foundation (February 2009)

This report analyses the challenges faced by the world’s 450 million smallholder farmers as a result of the food price crisis. It considers the effects of the crisis on fairtrade producers around the world, asking whether fairtrade producers are in a better position to cope with price volatility. The report includes a case study of Uganda, based on field research and interviews with coffee, tea and vanilla growers.

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A Golden Opportunity: How Tanzania is Failing to Benefit from Gold Mining

A Golden Opportunity: How Tanzania is Failing to Benefit from Gold Mining

Report for Tanzanian NGOs (October 2008)

This report is an analysis of gold mining and tax payments in Tanzania. Although Tanzania is one of Africa’s largest gold exporters, ordinary people benefit little, since the government has implemented tax laws that are overly favourable to mining companies and because of the policies of those companies themselves, notably AngloGold Ashanti and Barrick.

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The Crisis in Agricultural Aid: How Aid has Contributed to Hunger

The Crisis in Agricultural Aid: How Aid has Contributed to Hunger

Paper for ActionAid (September 2008)

This paper is an analysis of overseas aid to agriculture, showing how aid levels have dramatically declined over the past two decades, how the focus of aid spending is not geared to the needs of poor farmers and how aid has been used to push a neo-liberal economic model of agriculture that has increased poverty and hunger.

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Precious Metal: The Impact of Anglo Platinum in South Africa

Precious Metal: The Impact of Anglo Platinum in South Africa

Report for ActionAid (March 2008)

This report analyses the operations in South Africa of the world’s largest platinum producer, Anglo Platinum, a company majority-owned by the British mining giant, Anglo American. The findings suggest that company activities have deprived communities of agricultural land while community protests are often met by police brutality and company legal action.

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